Group members, both past and present have come from a variety of backgrounds including chemical engineering, genetics, medicine, chemistry and physics. 





Orr Yarkoni - Former PhD Student 

Project Title - Engineering an inducible NO pathway to facilitate cell-electronics communication.

Current Location - Cambridge University

Orr graduated with his PhD in 2012. His training was in genetic engineering and his project was building the "eyes" of the Cyberplasm robot. In this task he was successful by genetically engineering mammalian cells so that they could respond to light by producing and machine readable output. Orr is now a postdoc in Cambridge working in synthetic biology.


Darman Nordin - Former PhD Student 

Project Title - Interaction of the extracellular matrix protein fibronectin with model cell membranes.

Current Location - Universiti Kebangsaan, Malaysia

Darman is from Malaysia and obtained his PhD in 2011. He worked on the mechanical properties of extracellular matrix biomolecules fibronectin and integrin using force spectroscopy. This involved picking up and unfolding single protein molecules one by one in order to relate their structure to function. Fibronectin and integrins are key players in the adhesion of cells in a biological environment and they are over produced in various cancers. Darman is currently  lecturer at UKM in Malaysia.


Dr Lynn Donlan - Former Postdoc

Project Title - "Cyberplasm" - building a biohybrid robot

Current Location - Procter & Gamble

Lynn spent 3 years in this group as a postdoc working on the Cyberplasm project, designing and building the robot. In her spare time she played with the atomic force microscope in a bid to understand the tiny weeny forces that bind HIV viruses to cell surfaces. 


Ana Penaharrera - Former MPhil Student

Project Title - Elucidating receptor/ligand interactions of biomolecules at the single molecule level.

Current Location - Quito, Ecuador


Ana is from Ecuador  and wrote her thesis on the interaction of receptors and ligands for systems related to cancer and viral infection. Her main tool was single molecule force spectroscopy allowing her to measure the tiny forces of interaction between pairs of single molecules.